Forming mechanism of extracellular matrix containing periodontal ligament-like collagen fiber and its bone inducing activity
Kikuji YamashitaP, Akemichi Ueno2, Jun IshibashiP, Naohiro OhshitaP, and Seiichiro KitamuraP
1Department of Oral and Maxillofacial Anatomy,
of Hygiene Chemistry,
In order to clarify the forming mechanism of extracellular matrix containing calcified collagen fibers and its bone inducing activity, we analyzed the structure formed by cultured MC3T3-E1 osteoblasts on the calcified pure titanium, after removal of the cells. The one tip of beads-like collagen fiber with spherical granules bound to the calcified bioactive layer of titanium. The collagen fibers embedded in the calcium salt on titanium as Sharpey's fibers embedded in the calcium salt of alveolar bone or cement. Then, it was clarify that the extracellular matrix secreting into culture medium was collected by centrifugation and showed bone inducing activity.